9 TED Talks That Anyone Working in gifts for women with cancer Should Watch
What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of numerous associated diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the really small units that make up all living things, consisting of the body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread out very quick. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. In time, they likewise pass away. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells typically group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth becomes a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the regular cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a brand-new location in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you probably don't understand any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a large football stadium with kids, most likely just one kid in that stadium would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't brought on by bacteria, like colds or the flu are. So don't be afraid of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't real! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy practices, specifically cigarette smoking cigarettes or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you become a grownup.
Discovering Out About Cancer
It can take a while for a medical professional to figure out a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely worn out or sick for a while-- usually are not brought on by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's frequently triggered by something less severe, like an infection. With medical screening, the doctor can figure out what's causing the difficulty.
If the physician believes cancer, she or he can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A doctor might purchase X-rays and blood tests and suggest the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to learn if someone truly has cancer. If so, tests can identify what type of cancer it is and if it has actually spread out to other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the doctor will decide the best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is believed, like the bone marrow. Do not stress-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be examined under a microscope for cancer cells.
The quicker cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a complete healing and treatment.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be removed to make sure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is using anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medications are sometimes taken as here a pill, but usually are given through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, usually on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.